Rassegna Stampa Scientifica Novembre 2021




Age related interactions on key theoretical determinants of smoking cessation: Findings from the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys (2016-2020)

Nicotine & Tobacco Research, ntab230.

Published: 10 November 2021

Michael Le Grande, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, Ann McNeill, Geoffrey Fong, K Michael Cummings





Within-person longitudinal associations between electronic nicotine delivery systems use and smoking cessation efforts among U.S. continuing adult cigarette smokers


Addiction-Related Outcomes of Nicotine and Alcohol Co-use: New Insights Following the Rise in Vaping


What helps and what hinders the creation of a smoke-free home: A qualitative study of fathers in Scotland



Note: Fathers and smoke-free homes in Scotland study Open Access.


"Users of sweet-flavored ENDS [electronic nicotine delivery systems] were significantly younger than those who used tobacco- or menthol flavors. Black dual users were significantly more likely than other racial groups to use menthol and less likely to use sweet flavors. Dual users who preferred sweet flavors smoked cigarettes on fewer days than those who preferred tobacco and menthol flavors, were less cigarette dependent, more strongly endorsed boredom reduction expectancies and motives related to taste and sensory experience and were more likely to stop smoking by 12 months. "


Preferred flavors and tobacco use patterns in adult dual users of cigarettes and ENDS

Addict Behav. 2021 Oct 30;107168. Online ahead of print.

Eva C Rest, Kristin N Brikmanis, Robin J Mermelstein





Visual attention to blu's parody warnings and the FDA's warning on e-cigarette advertisements



"Compared to infrequent exclusive e-cigarette users, infrequent concurrent users (AOR = 4.72, 95%CI = 1.31-17.00), intermediate concurrent users (AOR = 5.10, 95%CI = 1.37-18.97), and frequent concurrent users (AOR = 7.44, 95%CI = 2.06-26.84) were at increased odds of reporting COVID-19 symptoms. Compared to exclusive e-cigarette users, concurrent e-cigarette and cannabis users were 1.85 times more likely (95%CI = 1.15-2.98) to report a COVID-19 diagnosis… Conclusions: Concurrent use of e-cigarettes and cannabis may be an underlying risk factor of COVID-19 symptomatology and diagnosis, with more pronounced odds found among intermediate and frequent users."


Concurrent use of e-cigarettes and cannabis and associated COVID-19 symptoms, testing, and diagnosis among student e-cigarette users at four U.S. Universities

Addict Behav. 2021 Nov 1;107170. Online ahead of print.

Ashley L Merianos, Alex M Russell, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Adam E Barry, Meng Yang, Hsien-Chang Lin



Note: Open Access.


"This meta-ethnography provides an in-depth insight into social norms around e-cigarette use and beliefs that e-cigarettes could be a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes. As young adults increasingly engage with e-cigarettes, there is a need for informed policy decisions regarding appropriate use. Engagement with e-cigarettes is often reflected within social media, so this medium could be a key platform for creating tailored interventions which inform young adults about the appropriate use of these products."


"That's the whole thing about vaping, it's custom tasty goodness": a meta-ethnography of young adults' perceptions and experiences of e-cigarette use

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2021 Nov 12;16(1):85.

Ananth Ranjit, Grace McCutchan, Katherine Brain, Ria Poole




Note: Open Access.


"The study cohort consisted of 25,958 unique Covid-19 positive inpatients. There was a total of 2,995 current smokers, 12,169 former smokers, and 8,392 non-smokers. Death was experienced by 13.5% (n = 3503) of the cohort within 30 days. Former smokers (OR 1.15; 95% CI, 1.05-1.27) (HR 1.13; 95% CI, 1.03-1.23) had higher risk of 30-day mortality compared with non-smokers. Former smokers had a higher risk of death compared to current smokers (HR 1.16 95% CI 1.02-1.33)."


Smoking status related to Covid-19 mortality and disease severity in a veteran population

Respir Med. 2021 Oct 30;190:106668. Online ahead of print.

Laura A Wilkinson, Kari A Mergenhagen, Michael T Carter, Hubert Chua, Collin Clark, Bethany A Wattengel, John A Sellick, Ali A El-Solh




Note: Open Access.


"Cigarette smokers may endured additional impacts of COVID-19, such as increased COVID-19 health burdens, stressors related to risk of exposure, social stigma and isolation, financial burdens, and increased toxicant exposure from increased smoking frequency."


Impacts of COVID-19 on cigarette use, smoking behaviors, and tobacco purchasing behaviors

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Oct 28;229(Pt B):109144. Online ahead of print.

Sarah F Maloney, Madison Combs, Rebecca Lester Scholtes, Megan Underwood, Barbara Kilgalen, Eric K Soule, Alison B Breland



Note: Open Access.


"In this preliminary study, we have examined the effects of 20 e-liquids (10 different flavored nicotine-free and 10 nicotine-rich e-liquids) used in e-cigarettes on the metabolic activity, membrane integrity, and mitochondrial membrane potential of RPE [retinal pigment epithelial] cells. Our results showed that of the flavors studied over the concentration range: 0.5, 1, and 2% v/v for a duration of 48 h, cinnamon was the most toxic and menthol was the second most toxic, while other flavors showed lesser or no cytotoxicity. The presence of nicotine augmented cytotoxicity for cinnamon, menthol, strawberry, vanilla, and banana while for other flavors there was no synergism."


Effects of E-Cigarette Refill Liquid Flavorings with and without Nicotine on Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells: A Preliminary Study

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Nov 6;18(21):11655.

Shilpi Goenka, Sanford R Simon





Passive Vaping from Sub-Ohm Electronic Cigarette Devices


Vaping and COVID-19: Insights for Public Health and Clinical Care from Twitter


Effects of E-Cigarette Flavoring Chemicals on Human Macrophages and Bronchial Epithelial Cells


Improving the Analysis of E-Cigarette Emissions: Detecting Human "Dry Puff" Conditions in a Laboratory as Validated by a Panel of Experienced Vapers



Note: Open Access.


"We identified three different categories of policy interference-related posts: (1) providing updates on [electronic nicotine delivery systems-] ENDS-related policy at the federal, state, and local levels; (2) sharing opinions about ENDS-related policies; (3) posts related to scientific information related to vaping; and (4) calls to action to mobilize against tobacco/ENDS policies. Our findings indicate that pro-tobacco social media communities on Facebook, driven by strategic activities of trade associations and their members, may act as focal points for anti-policy information dissemination, grass-roots mobilization, and industry coordination that needs further research."


Digital Surveillance to Identify California Alternative and Emerging Tobacco Industry Policy Influence and Mobilization on Facebook

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Oct 23;18(21):11150.

Qing Xu, Joshua Yang, Michael R Haupt, Mingxiang Cai, Matthew C Nali, Tim K Mackey





Longitudinal Impact of Depressive Symptoms and Peer Tobacco Use on the Number of Tobacco Products Used by Young Adults


Associations between Cognitive and Affective Responses to Tobacco Advertisements and Tobacco Use Incidence: A Four-Year Prospective Study among Adolescent Boys


Associations between Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and Respiratory Health in Children


Impact of Little Cigars and Cigarillos Packaging Features on Product Preference




Note: Open Access.


"Smoking cessation apps can be used in combination with a face-to-face intervention (FFSC-Apps), or alone as general apps (GSC-Apps). The aims of this review were (1) to examine the effects of FFSC-Apps and GSC-Apps on abstinence, tobacco use, and relapse rates; and (2) to describe their features… Of the total 6016 studies screened, 24 were included, of which nine used GSC-Apps and 15 FFSC-Apps. Eight studies reported significant differences between conditions in smoking cessation outcomes, with three of them being in favor of the use of apps, and two between different point-assessments."


Smoking Cessation Apps: A Systematic Review of Format, Outcomes, and Features

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Nov 6;18(21):11664.

María Barroso-Hurtado, Daniel Suárez-Castro, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elisardo Becoña, Ana López-Durán





Implementation of a WeChat-Based Smoking Cessation Program for Chinese Smokers



Note: Open Access.


"Predictors of whether someone would draw another pregnant women's attention to the fact that smoking is harmful were: intellectual work (OR 1.136; p-value 0.020) and currently being a student (OR 1.363; p-value 0.004), involvement of the child's father (OR 1.377; p-value < 0.001), contact with social campaigns (OR 1.150; p-value 0.005) and knowledge about the consequences of smoking, as well as talking to the midwife about the harmfulness of cigarettes during pregnancy (OR 1.655; p-value < 0.001). Interpersonal relationships leave scope for public health interventions. It is worth enhancing criticism against smoking by specialists through information and education campaigns."


Willingness to Oppose Smoking among Pregnant Women

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Nov 5;18(21):11636.

Dominik Olejniczak, Krzysztof Klimiuk, Urszula Religioni, Anna Staniszewska, Mariusz Panczyk, Agnieszka Nowacka, Paulina Mularczyk-Tomczewska, Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Anna Korcala-Wichary, Łukasz Balwicki





Barriers and Facilitators to Staying Smoke-Free after Having a Baby, a Qualitative Study: Women's Views on Support Needed to Prevent Returning to Smoking Postpartum


Factors Associated with Smoke-Free Pregnancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Women and Their Experience of Quitting Smoking in Pregnancy: A Mixed Method Cross-Sectional Study



Note: Open Access.


"Daily use of the patch or both the patch and gum was associated with a lower risk of daily smoking. Low levels of nicotine gum use alone may not be an effective cessation strategy."


Daily use of nicotine replacement medications is related to daily smoking status: An ecological momentary assessment study

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Oct 29;229(Pt A):109161. Online ahead of print.

Emily T Hébert, Tanushri Bhushan, Chaelin K Ra, Summer Frank-Pearce, Adam C Alexander, Ashley B Cole, Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle